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Can a foreign investor be allowed to own a 100% of business entity at CEZA?

Yes, one hundred percent (100%) foreign equity may be allowed in all areas of investments at CEZA under the Foreign Investment Act (FIA) of RA 7042 except those included in the Regular Foreign Investment Negative List (FINL) and other laws which restrict foreign ownership or equity.

Areas of investments covered by the Foreign Investment Act (FIA)

The FIA covers all investment areas, excerpt banking and other financial institutions which are governed and regulated by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP).

The Foreign Investment Negative List areas of economic activity whose foreign ownership is limited to a maximum of forty percent (40%) of the outstanding capital stock in the case of a corporation of capital in the case of partnership.

Below are further description on the Negative List A & B:

List A: refers to areas reserved to Filipinos by mandate of the Constitution and Special Laws such as but not limited to:

  • A. Mass Media, except recording, practice of licensed profession, retail trade, cooperative and small-scale mining, etc. where foreign ownership is prohibited; and
  • B. Advertising, ownership of land, operation and management of public utilities, etc., where only minority foreign ownership is prohibited.

List B: refersto areas that are defense-related, those with adverse effects on public health and morals and domestic market enterpises with paid-up capital of less than US$200,000, provided they involved advanced technology as determined by the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) or directly employ at least fifty (50) employees, in which case, the paid-up capital shall be lowered to US$100,000 only to non-Philippin nationals.


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